Marino Marini (1901-1980)
Marini was born in Pistoia , Italy . He trained at the great Renaissance art center of Florence at the Academia di Belle Arti. In 1928 he traveled to Paris where he made his début as a sculptor. Here he studied with Picasso and other leading modern artists such as Henry Moore. Marini later returned to Italy, settling in Milan and teaching in nearby Monza. During this period Marini exhibited at La Mostra del Novecento Toscano at the Galleria Milano in Milan .
Marini was strongly influenced by the suffering he witnessed in Italy during the war. In 1950, at about the time he was gaining worldwide prominence, he described his work, as part of a "new renaissance of sculpture in Italy , the new humanist, the new reality." Marini's work has an elemental simplicity and has almost been limited, apart from his few portrait heads, to three themes: the female figure, "the horse and rider" and "dancers and jugglers".
All of these themes are symbolic, filled with meaning and significance drawn from his own mythology. The rider and horse is a universal symbol, and is often interpreted as man riding and controlling his instincts, the horse being the symbol of the animal component in man, often specifically, the erotic instincts.
Marini gained international renown in the 1950s with three major exhibitions of his work in Amsterdam , Brussels , and New York where his "Great Horse" is displayed in the Rockefeller Collection. His best-known work is the large bronze horse and rider commissioned for the Guggenheim Museum in Venice , Italy . Marini's working life covered more than 60 years of prodigious and prolific activity. He has had exhibitions in almost every major city in the world and prizes, medals and awards were constantly accorded him.
Though Marini died in 1980, his works - sculpture, painting and graphics - live on, a continuing testament to a "Master" artist. The Art Collector has a number of Marini works in inventory, as well as others available internationally. The selection of illustrations shown below serves as an overview of some of Marini's work, with a specific focus on the "horse and rider" theme.
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